International Centre of Anthropology
At the current stage of the Centre's activities (2018-2020), the academic work of its faculty complies with two main areas that have a profound inner content and conceptual-methodological connection for all their autonomy. These directions open up prospects for the development of the next major projects of the Centre for the period 2021-2023 (in particular, the project "The Variety of Socio-Cultural Transformation Trajectories: Historical Dynamics of Western Societies, Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America in Comparison"):
1. Historical diversity of directions of social evolution and forms of socio-political organization;
2. Historical anthropology of sub-Saharan Africa and the African diaspora. The Centre's researchers are acknowledged experts in one or both of these fields.
Historical diversity of directions of social evolution and forms of socio-political organization
Supervisors – Prof. Dmitri Bondarenko and Dr. Dmitri Beliaev
The main Russian partners are the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Institute of World History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Faculty of History of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Knorozov Center for Mesoamerican Studies of the Russian State University for the Humanities.
The main foreign partners: City University of New York (USA), George Mason University (Fairfax, USA), Institute of World History (China), James Madison University (USA), Lehigh University (Bethlehem, USA), Universita degli Studi Roma Tre (Italy), University of Alabama (Tuscaloosa, USA), University of Georgia (Athens, USA), University of Kansas (USA), University of Western Australia, Winthrop University (Rock Hill, USA).
The goal of the project is to form a holistic concept of non-linear social evolution and the diversity of forms of socio-political organization of societies of the same level of socio-cultural complexity. At the initial stage of the Centre's activities, researchers are focusing on two key aspects of the theory. The first aspect is the basic principles of organization of societies (heterarchic and homoarchic) and variations of their historical realization, from the communities of prehuman primates to modern societies. The second aspect is related to the forms of socio-political organization of pre-industrial societies alternating the state. In these particular aspects of overall problematique of the project the Centre's employees have the most serious, solid works including a large number of individual and collective monographs, articles in collections of essays and journals, papers at conferences in Russia and abroad.
Historical anthropology of Sub-Saharan Africa and African diaspora
Supervisors – Prof. Dmitri Bondarenko and Prof. Marina Butovskaya
The main Russian partners are the Oriental Faculty of the St. Petersburg State University, the Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Global History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Asian and African Studies of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Scientific Research Institute Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera).
The main foreign partners: Boston University (USA), City University of New York (USA), Harvard University (USA), Mwalimu Nyerere Memorial Academy (Dar es Salaam, Tanzania), Northwestern University (Evanston, USA), National Museum of Tanzania (Dar es Salaam), United Methodist University (Monrovia, Liberia), University of Hradec Králové (Czech Republic), University of Ljubljana (Slovenia), University of Nigeria, University of Zambia (Lusaka)
The aim of the project is to determine how the historical past - both real facts and cultural memory of it – affect the current state of societies and cultures of post-colonial countries in sub-Saharan Africa and African diaspora communities. The particular aspects of the problematique at the initial stage of the Centre's existence are: the influence of historical memory on modern socio-cultural processes in Africa (in particular, on the formation of postcolonial nations); the role of historical and cultural factors in determining the nature of relations within African diasporas and between migrants from African countries and host societies in Africa itself, in Western and Eastern Europe (including Russia), North America, the Caribbean and Australia; the identification and analysis of a wide range of factors (beginning with biological factors) that determine the formation of socio-cultural attitudes of the inhabitants of modern African countries and the directions for the transformation of the post-colonial sub-Saharan African societies.
The Centre faculty members and specially invited foreign colleagues can teach general anthropology courses as part of basic curriculum of educational programs for bachelor and master's degree in various fields and in the framework of university "minors", as well as more specialized courses – Historical Anthropology, Political Anthropology, Evolutionary Anthropology, Physical Anthropology, Anthropology of Archaic Societies, Anthropology of Diasporas, Anthropology of Conflicts, Anthropology of the Ancient and Medieval World, anthropology of various regions of the world, etc.
International Centre of Anthropology Brochure (DOC, 2.97 Mb)
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