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The book is devoted to several aspects of the face in traditional culture of East and West, from Middle Ages to early Modern Times
The frescoes in the Betania Monastery of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary are a multi-temporal ensemble: in addition to the main paintings dated to the 12th century, they include royal portraits created around 1207. At the turn of the 12th-13th centuries a certain “oriental” element began to appear in this kind of images (the secular ktetor portrait on frescoes basing on the Byzantine tradition). Its presence was resulting from the geographical proximity to the countries of the Islamic East, which were expanding into the Caucasus, thus leaving a trace of its presence in Georgian history and culture.
During the era of Queen Tamara, there is an increased interest for the Eastern secular culture (above all, for the geographically close Iranian and Seljuk cultures). Its elements (literature, palace ceremonial, mode of life, apparel, terminology, etc.) are ever more visibly woven into the complex fabric of life and customs of the Georgian royal court and high aristocracy. Here they meet other traditions (ancient, Near Eastern, Byzantine) and the regional artistic fundamentals, forming a unique “local” synthesis. The given paper reveals characteristic features of this process using the example of the royal portraits in Betania.
Intensive development of new media makes the discussion of their role in science increasingly relevant. Considering this perspective, one of the most important issues for public history is the question of transformation of a historian’s professional identity. In Russia, where public history as a sphere of intellectual work and practical activity is going through the process of formation, this issue has not yet received any full-fledged understanding. In our chapter, we attempt a pilot study of this subject using the examples of Russian history projects in Telegram – this platform has been rapidly gaining popularity in recent years, primarily among young Russian historians. According to our estimates, Telegram in the Russian media space plays a role similar to Twitter in English-speaking countries, and its popularity is growing every year. The emergence of history projects indicates a certain increase of interest in stepping outside the limits of professional communication and in launching the new public platforms to discuss history. Analysing this phenomenon is relevant for understanding the evolution of the role of a public historian in Russia. In particular, it allows us to ask questions about how people, who make history the subject of their professional studies, use new media for public communication; what attracts them to a certain media platform; what topics and forms of activity historians prefer to there.
The review analyzes the diary of Nadezhda Nikolaevna Platonova (1861–1928), published in 2020. There are given the archeographic characteristics of the publication. There is also estimated the information potential of the diary. In particular the diary is considered as the evidence of the professorial life of the late XIX – early XX centuries. There is paid special attention to the analysis of communicative interactions as school-forming practices of St. Petersburg historians. Then the review represented the role of N.N. Platonova in the academic activity of her husband – historian Sergey Fedorovich Platonov (1860–1933). The final part presents the prospects for researching the dissertation culture through the diary of N.N. Platonova.
Interpersonal touch behavior differs across cultures, yet no study to date has systematically tested for cultural variation in affective touch, nor examined the factors that might account for this variability. Here, over 14,000 individuals from 45 countries were asked whether they embraced, stroked, kissed, or hugged their partner, friends, and youngest child during the week preceding the study. We then examined a range of hypothesized individual-level factors (sex, age, parasitic history, conservatism, religiosity, and preferred interpersonal distance) and cultural-level factors (regional temperature, parasite stress, regional conservatism, collectivism, and religiosity) in predicting these affective-touching behaviors. Our results indicate that affective touch was most prevalent in relationships with partners and children, and its diversity was relatively higher in warmer, less conservative, and religious countries, and among younger, female, and liberal people. This research allows for a broad and integrated view of the bases of cross-cultural variability in affective touch.
Review of the Antisemitism and the Russian Revolution. By Brendan McGeever. Cambridge,
Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 2019. xi, 247 pp.
Historical writing on Stalin’s Terror has been extraordinarily significant and productive, reflecting broader trends in the study of Soviet history and similarly characterized by a dependence on new sources: above all, archival materials.
For obvious and well-known reasons, there was a long period of time in which the study of Soviet history relied on periodicals, memoirs, and official publications. The archives, at least the vast majority of them, opened in a
sudden avalanche. We can now establish several important outcomes of the development of historical writing on the Great Terror and identify the stages of and certain prospects for its development.
Research on attractiveness assessments of men’s dance has shown that raters derive and integrate information about male mating-related qualities into their attractiveness assessments, but prior studies have focused on lay assessors (i.e., individuals with no professional dance background) rather than dance experts. We recruited male and female Russian dance experts (n = 23) to judge gender-neutral, featureless virtual characters, animated with motion-captured dance movements and gaits of British men, and compared their dance assessments to those from a group of Russian male and female lay assessors (n = 73). The dance experts provided higher dance and gait attractiveness judgments than the lay assessors. Both groups judged the gait movements to be of higher attractiveness than the dance movements. Differences in attractiveness assessments between experts and lay assessors were larger for the male judges than for the female judges. In an additional survey, the dance experts (versus lay assessors) placed greater emphasis on the importance of dance-related capacities and skills. We discuss our findings with reference to past research on dance/gait attractiveness as assessed by lay judges and the role of expertise in assessing body movement.
The Egyptian collection of the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, preserves a small sculpture head (inventory number I, 1а 5429) of unknown provenance from the collection of Vladimir Golenischeff. Its attributes are a Hellenistic diadem, a head-lock, traces of uraeus and of a head-gear (likely a double crown); stylistically this is a part of an Egyptian statue showing Greek influence (“Group B” of Ptolemaic sculpture after P.M. Stanwick). Analogies, in the first place the “Berlin heads” ÄS 14568, 13457, 23140, allow identifying it as a portrait of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, which could be used as a cult image. Accent was made on the youthfulness of the ruler probably in order to denote his identity with Horus (cf. the Memphis Decree of 196 B.C.).
This chapter provides a detailed narrative of the organization of Francisco de Miranda’s Leander expedition which constituted the first deliberate attempt to trigger a revolution in Spanish America. Miranda lived on and off in London. Throughout those years he built friendly relations with the former Royal Governor of Massachusetts, Thomas Pownall. Disappointed with the apathy of the British authorities, Miranda left London with his secretary Thomas Molini on 2 September 1805 to travel to New York where he arrived on 9 November. On 12 February 1806, the Leander met a 32-cannon frigate HMS Cleopatra. It was searched, and as a result about twelve to nineteen British mariners were detained. The Leander went ahead with the mission, arriving first to Bonaire in the Leeward Antilles, then to Trinidad. On 26 May, it was approached by the 18-cannon HMS Lily. According to its captain Donald Campbell, the Leander crew was dissatisfied and nearly in a state of mutiny.
When the notion of ‘alternative facts’ and the alleged dawning of a ‘postfactual’ world entered public discourse, social anthropologists found themselves in unexpectedly familiar territory. In theirempirical experience, fact—knowledge accepted as true—derives its salience from social mechanisms of legitimization, thereby demonstrating a deep interconnection with power and authority. In thisperspective, fact is a continually contested and volatile social category.
Due to the specific histories of their colonial and post-independence experience, African societies offer a particularly broad array of insights into social processes of juxtaposition, opposition, and even outright competition between different postulated authorities. The contributions to the present volume explore the variety of ways in which authority is contested in Southern and Eastern Africa, investigating localized discourses on which institution, what kind of knowledge, or whose expertise is accepted as authoritative, thus highlighting the specificities and pluralities in ‘modern’ societies. This edited volume engages with larger theoretical questions regarding power and authority in the context of (post)colonial states (neo)traditional authority, claiming space, conflict and (in)justice, and contestations of knowledge. It offers in-depth critical analyses of ethnographic data that put contemporary African phenomena on equal footing with current controversies in North America, Europe, and other global settings.
The willed suspension of the pandemic in Moscow provides a moment for the first reflections on the (dis)appearing city in quarantine, capitalist realism, state capitalism and new sensitivities
By their article, Blanton et al. have proved, as they intended, “that collective action theory should have an important role to play in the search for those factors that underwrite state-building”. Moreover, their article is groundbreaking above all because after its appearance, it will be difficult to ignore anthropological approaches to explanation of the most vital and essential issues of our time, including the fortune of global democracy.