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The review analyzes the diary of Nadezhda Nikolaevna Platonova (1861–1928), published in 2020. There are given the archeographic characteristics of the publication. There is also estimated the information potential of the diary. In particular the diary is considered as the evidence of the professorial life of the late XIX – early XX centuries. There is paid special attention to the analysis of communicative interactions as school-forming practices of St. Petersburg historians. Then the review represented the role of N.N. Platonova in the academic activity of her husband – historian Sergey Fedorovich Platonov (1860–1933). The final part presents the prospects for researching the dissertation culture through the diary of N.N. Platonova.
Review of the Antisemitism and the Russian Revolution. By Brendan McGeever. Cambridge,
Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 2019. xi, 247 pp.
Historical writing on Stalin’s Terror has been extraordinarily significant and productive, reflecting broader trends in the study of Soviet history and similarly characterized by a dependence on new sources: above all, archival materials.
For obvious and well-known reasons, there was a long period of time in which the study of Soviet history relied on periodicals, memoirs, and official publications. The archives, at least the vast majority of them, opened in a
sudden avalanche. We can now establish several important outcomes of the development of historical writing on the Great Terror and identify the stages of and certain prospects for its development.
This chapter provides a detailed narrative of the organization of Francisco de Miranda’s Leander expedition which constituted the first deliberate attempt to trigger a revolution in Spanish America. Miranda lived on and off in London. Throughout those years he built friendly relations with the former Royal Governor of Massachusetts, Thomas Pownall. Disappointed with the apathy of the British authorities, Miranda left London with his secretary Thomas Molini on 2 September 1805 to travel to New York where he arrived on 9 November. On 12 February 1806, the Leander met a 32-cannon frigate HMS Cleopatra. It was searched, and as a result about twelve to nineteen British mariners were detained. The Leander went ahead with the mission, arriving first to Bonaire in the Leeward Antilles, then to Trinidad. On 26 May, it was approached by the 18-cannon HMS Lily. According to its captain Donald Campbell, the Leander crew was dissatisfied and nearly in a state of mutiny.
The willed suspension of the pandemic in Moscow provides a moment for the first reflections on the (dis)appearing city in quarantine, capitalist realism, state capitalism and new sensitivities
By their article, Blanton et al. have proved, as they intended, “that collective action theory should have an important role to play in the search for those factors that underwrite state-building”. Moreover, their article is groundbreaking above all because after its appearance, it will be difficult to ignore anthropological approaches to explanation of the most vital and essential issues of our time, including the fortune of global democracy.
Education in early modern Russia has been traditionally described as imported from the West; secular; imposed by the state – or more specifically, by Peter I himself – from above on the unwilling population; driven by the military needs, and therefore, technical. This chapter seeks to examine and to problematize some these theses. Some of them have already been re-assessed by scholars, especially insofar as the role of the church in providing education is concerned. In other cases, the discussion is limited to identifying the gaps in our current understanding and pointing to ways of addressing them. In particular, on the basis of he author's own research as well as that of other scholars, it seeks to outline the responses of the tsar’s subjects to the educational change; problematize the role of the “state” as an actor in this process, and that of Peter I himself; to understand what exactly is meant by the practical/military drivers of educational change and how exactly the role of these drivers could be ascertained; to emphasize the role of non-state, traditional, and informal genres and providers of education in that period. The last two sections seek to place the early modern education in Russia in the Western European context by identifying more precisely what exactly has been borrowed and how this “borrowing,” in fact, resulted in innovative reconfiguring of educational forms; and to discuss the role of early modern Russia as a pioneer, in some sense, of explicitly using education as a tool of social engineering.
This article focuses on 'On Military Tactics' (O ratnom povedeni), composed in winter
1700/1701 by Ivan Pososhkov and considered to be one of the first analytical military treatises
written in the Russian language. Pososhkov heavily criticized foreign influences on native warfare,
in particular, the Western infantry tactics and drill introduced by the tsar Peter the Great and
his predecessors and reflected some controversial problems of contemporary military culture.
Despite his declared hostility towards Western methods of warfare, Pososhkov acknowledged
the utility of a 'military science' and read some foreign books on the subject.
From Comparative to Entangled Histories: Perspectives on the Russian and Ottoman empires
This article is an attempt to demonstrate how the human body became protagonist in anthropological and cosmological discourse, in 12th and 13th centuries. Several texts and genres were taken into account. Some of them are well known and influenced further development in the West, like literary and philosophical texts of Chartres (first half of the 12th century), the Misery of human condition by the cardinal Lotario de Segni, future Innocent III (1195). Others were mostly known as travelling subjects and motives: it is the case of the battle of the belly, story of a tumult of organs against the tyranny of the stomach, that appears firstly in Antiquity and became popular again around 1200. The Latin poem De ventre delivers the most reach and elaborated satiric version of the subject and, thus, gives a kind of axis for the whole reflection in this article. Finally, the author explores a less known treatise Moral Rhetoric on the Functions of Members, composed by the chaplain of Clement IV (1265-1268). It is preserved in five manuscripts and deserves a critical edition.
Educational reforms and introduction of compulsory schooling for nobility are rightly counted among the most import important changes introduced by Peter I in Russia. This article employs a large sample of records from the Heraldry, a government agency in charge of registering nobles for their mandatory service, to assess the spread of literacy among the first post-Petrine generation of the Russian elite and to explore the factors that affected one’ likelihood of being literate. The data suggests that literacy indeed has become the norm among the nobles, and illiteracy, even though not uncommon, came to predominantly be associated with relative social marginality.
Review of a new book.
The Muslim question in Late Imperial Russia is investigated via the deceptive strategeis of a Muslim jornalist, an impostor and double-dealer; M.-B. Hadjetlaché.. A micro-historical approach is developped.
This article compares widespread methodological approaches to the study of economic history in general, and markets, in particular. It suggests a method of studying economic history different from what is normally done in economic hisotry nowadays, when the whole field belongs to economists. This method implies using historical research tools as well as addressing to hermeneutics.
Sammelband der VI. Internationalen Konferenz für Studenten und Doktoranden »Welt und Wissenschaft« vom 17. April 2020 an der National Research University Higher School of Economics in Moskau
Transnistrien spaltete sich 1990/92 von der Republik Moldova ab. Die bis heute international nicht anerkannte Pridnestrovische Moldauische Republik setzt bei ihrer Legitimation vor allem auf einen polyethnischen und prorussischen Diskurs. Bei der Wahl ihrer ideologischen Konzepte sind die transnistrischen Eliten jedoch flexibel und richten sie an ihrem eigenen Machterhalt aus.
Male risk-taking behavior is associated with personality traits and correlates with hormone titers, notably for testosterone (T) and cortisol (C). Yet, these influences may be stronger in some individuals due to context or profession in which risk-taking occurs. We examine this possibility by investigating relationships of personality, aggression, and sensation seeking with T and C together with anthropometric measures in high risk-taking men: Russian alpinists (n = 55) and members of the Russian Special Forces (n = 33). They provided saliva samples before and after viewing a ~5 min video of aggressive male encounters and completed surveys after this task. After viewing the video, T increased in alpinists but decreased in Special Forces, and C increased in Special Forces. Alpinists scored higher than Special Forces in neuroticism and openness whereas Special Forces scored higher than alpinists in extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Verbal aggression, anger, hostility, experience seeking, disinhibition, and boredom susceptibility were higher in alpinists than in Special Forces. Our findings suggest behavioral differences in high risk-taking men, influenced by profession-related individual differences in sensation seeking and hormonal response to challenges.
In July 1941, about 100 writers joined the People’s Militia of Moscow. This article is devoted to the history of the formation and destruction of the “writers’ company” of the 8th division of the People’s Militia. This story represents a very revealing page in the social history of Soviet literature. In this article I am trying to answer the questions: why were these writers “delegated” to the people’s militia by the leadership of the Union of Soviet Writers? What were their own motives for joining the militia? Why were there so many “suspicious” among them by the standards of the Stalinist regime? The history of the “writers’ company” intertwined the history of the mechanism of mobilizing society during the World War II with the history of repressions. This is another page in the history of wartime Stalinism, which still remains very fragmentarily studied.
The review of Natalia Mironova's book "The Great Epidemic: Typhus in Russia in the Early Years of Soviet Power".
Historians devote a great deal of attention to the diplomacy that led Russia into the Great War, but have tended to neglect the course of this diplomacy once the fighting erupted. This volume addresses that lacuna with a broad range of essays examining the foreign relations of the empire, as well as its republican and early Soviet successors, from the July 1914 Crisis to the end of the Civil War in 1922.
Written by distinguished and emerging scholars from North America, Europe, Russia, and Japan, the essays make abundant use of Russian archival collections, largely inaccessible until the 1990s, to reassess the conjectures and conclusions previously drawn from other sources. While some chapters focus on traditional “diplomatic” history, others adopt new “international history” by placing Russia’s relations with the world in their social, intellectual, economic, and cultural contexts.
Arranged in roughly chronological order, the first volume covers the late imperial period, from 1914 through mid-1916, while the second proceeds through the revolutions of 1917 and the Civil War, up to the end of that conflict in 1922. Together, these books’ comments should foster a renewed appreciation for international relations as a central element of Russia’s Great War and Revolution.